Three phase induction motors employ a simple construction composed of a stator protected with electromagnets, and a rotor made up of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They work on the theory of induction in which a rotating electro-magnetic field it made through the use of a Induction in Motor three-phase current at the stators electromagnets. This in turn induces a current within the rotor’s conductors, which in turns generates rotor’s magnetic field that attempts to check out stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Great things about AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are basic and rugged in structure. They are more robust and can operate in virtually any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in expense because of simple rotor construction, absence of brushes, commutators, and slip rings
They are free of maintenance motors unlike dc motors due to the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors can be operated in polluted and explosive environments as they do not have brushes that may cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Machines meaning that the rotor does not change at the specific same speed since the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator rate is necessary in order to create the induction into the rotor. The difference between your two is named the slip. Slip must be kept within an optimal range in order for the motor to operate efficiently. Roboteq AC Induction controllers can be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open up loop mode where a control causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage alter.
Controlled Slip: a Shut Loop speed where voltage and frequency are controlled in order to keep slip within a narrow range while running at a preferred speed.
Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Quickness and Torque control that functions by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
Observe this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration on how AC Induction Motors are constructed and work.